She was a tourist from a Persian Gulf state holidaying in Paris with her husband.
According to Thiellay, “some members of the choir indicated that they would not sing” if the woman remained in the hall. This scandalous act of discrimination demonstrates the undemocratic nature of the laws and measures against the veil, the burqa and the niqab and the atmosphere of Islamophobic hysteria stoked by the French political establishment. The right-wing British newspaper the Daily Mail first published a report on this still prevalent nasty phenomenon in Europe, centuries after the Middle Ages.
The Ministry of Culture is using the resulting scandal to oblige the administrators of artistic venues to act more severely, as an all-out cultural police. The French Socialist Party (PS) government said that a note is being drawn up at the ministry, reminding administrators of procedures to apply in theatres, museums and other public establishments “in order to make people comply with the law, harmonise responses, and to prevent problems.”
From now on, women dressed in a full veil are to be banned from entering public establishments on the grounds that this will avoid the scandals that result from expulsions.
Guy Laurent, an Opéra Bastille regular, told the right-wing British newspaper the Daily Mail: “What possible harm could a woman sitting quietly in the audience with face covered do to anyone? The woman would clearly have felt utterly humiliated by what happened—French culture should be more tolerant. It is not the job of theatres to enforce petty laws.”
In contrast, the few criticisms of the expulsions of the veiled tourist from political leaders have been limited, cynical and entirely in keeping with official Islamophobia. Public S é nat quoted Green Senator Esher Benbassa who censured the Opera Bastille management only for its clumsiness, but not for throwing out the spectator, saying: “It’s the lack of courtesy which shocks me. It’s a really bureaucratic way of imposing the law.”
Paris Opera management received statements of support from officials of the PS, of the right-wing Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), and by the founder of the neo-fascist National Front, Jean-Marie Le Pen, a torturer in the French army during the Algerian War. Claiming that the presence of a veiled woman at the Opéra Bastille was the sign of a “flare-up of communalism,” Le Pen said that the singers had done well to point her out.
This reactionary act is the product of a decade during which successive French governments have imposed anti-Islamic laws while waging a succession of imperialist wars in Muslim countries, such as Libya and Syria. In 2004, under President Jacques Chirac, the National Assembly passed a law banning the wearing of the veil in schools.
Publicized on October 11, 2010, the law banning full-body veils, such as the niqab and burqa, specifies that “no person may, in a public space, wear clothing intended to hide the face” under penalty of a €150 fine and/or a citizenship class. It stipulates that “public space means public highways and well as places open to the public or part of a public service,” including cinemas, theatres, museums and restaurants.
According to an investigation by the National Assembly, approximately 1,900 women were concerned at the end of 2009 by this law, while the number of Muslims living in France is estimated at over 5 million.
The law has already provoked discriminatory Islamophobic acts across France. The most notable include the confirmation on June 25 by the Court of Cassation, France’s highest appeals court, of the sacking of a veiled worker at the Baby-Loup daycare center near Paris, and the ID check on a woman wearing the niqab in Trappes, a Paris suburb, in July 2013. The police then attacked her husband, who tried to shield her from the police, after which riots broke out in Trappes in protest at police brutality.
The pan-European scale of this official racism was confirmed by the European Court of Human Rights. Last July 1, it declared the banning of the full body veil in France to be “legitimate,” rejecting the suit brought by a French woman against the ban.
Public and cultural life in France is being poisoned by these reactionary policies, through which the ruling elite, including the bourgeois “left,” has legitimized the neo-fascist National Front (FN) and far-right moods.
Since President François Hollande was elected in 2012, the pseudo-left and the trade union bureaucracies have done everything they could to stifle workers’ anger against this government, which is reportedly hated for its social and foreign policies.
A teenage girl has been assaulted near Paris for wearing an Islamic veil in August last year, in a wave of violent attacks against the Muslim community in France. The incident occurred when two “European-looking” men confronted the 16-year-old who was leaving a friend’s house in the Paris suburb of Trappes. The men shouted racists and anti-Muslim insults at her before attacking her with a box cutter, said the victim. They then tore off her veil, pushed her to the ground and hit her. The assailants fled the scene in a car after a third man intervened. The teen was taken to hospital where medical staff treated her for light wounds on her face and throat.
Several Muslim women in the Paris suburb of Argenteuil were assaulted in France by racist elements who tore off their veils. This is while a spokesperson for the French police officers' union simply stated that the “French police have many other problems to solve”.
As it seems, a political context created by the ruling system, in which the public is blocked from deploying its political strength against the French Socialist Party (PS) government, has enabled the rise of right-wing and Islamophobic tendencies to influence the most disoriented layers of the population.
Similar bans have been approved in Belgium and some parts of Switzerland, with other European countries considering a comparable ban. Many Muslim citizens feel that politicians attacked their beliefs, police attack their bodies and that neither of them appeared to be subject to many restraints. And when Islamophobia has become so culturally acceptable, peace is surely, and sadly, very far off across Europe, while EU officials always insisted to act as the only defenders of human rights in the world.
However, some independent countries including the Islamic Republic of Iran have criticized the European Union’s double standard policies on the issue of human rights.