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Tuesday, 28 May 2013 13:07

Iran top rosewater producer

Iran ranks first worldwide in cultivating Damascus rose and rosewater production, said the head an official with Kashan Agricultural Jihad Department.

In an interview with Iran Daily, Mostafa Qamsari added that Iran exports rosewater and essential oil to the Persian Gulf littoral states and European countries.

Qamsari pointed out that Damascus rose originated in Kashan, Isfahan province.

“After Fars and Kerman provinces, Kashan ranks third in Damascus rose cultivation,” he said.

“Currently, about 1,600 hectares of land are under Damascus rose cultivation in Kashan, which annually produces approximately 5,000 tons of it.”

Qamsari put the area under Damascus rose cultivation across the country at 13,000-15,000 hectares.

“Despite the amount of land under Damascus rose cultivation in Iran, the country has not been successful in producing essential oil,” he said.

“This is while Bulgaria, with only 2,000 hectares of land under Damascus rose cultivation, accounts for 80 percent of the world’s essential oil production.”

 

Byproducts

The byproducts of Damascus rose include rosewater, essential oil and dried petals used in pharmaceuticals, perfumes, hygienic and cosmetic products, as well as food products.

Noting that the byproducts can be used for treating rheumatic and chest pains, Qamsari said it is also good for the nerves and intestine, and helps cure headache.

“Rosewater is the main byproduct of Damascus rose in Iran,” he said.

“This is while, in other countries, Damascus rose is mainly used for producing essential oil that has a high value-added and is used in perfume production.”

This is while Iran also produces essential oil in rosewater production factories and factories.

Qamsari recalled that Kashan University’s Research Center for Essential Oil has been launched to produce high-quality essential oil, adding that this industry is in need of greater investment.

Damascus rose was originally cultivated in Azaran in Kashan. It was later sent to Syria and Europe.

“Various types of Damascus rose is cultivated across the world, but the most dominant type is the one grown in Iran,” he said.

He said the harvest of Damascus rose in Iran averages between 3 and 3.5 tons per hectare, while the figure in Bulgaria amounts to 7-8 tons per hectare.

“Of course, 8-10 tons per hectare of Damascus rose are also harvested in some farmlands in Iran,” he added.

Damascus rose can be cultivated in different climate conditions. It begins in April and continues until mid June.

Qamsari said 20,000 cubic meters of rosewater are produced in Kashan per annum.

 

Antiquity

Mohammadi Rose (Rosa damascene or Damask rose) is one of the most important roses in the world.

Production of rosewater in Iran dates back to over 2,500 years and grows in Fars, Kerman, Isfahan as well as East and West Azarbaijan provinces.

Experts maintain that Qamsar has been a place for producing flower and rosewater since a long time.

Production of plant essences also has a long history in Iran and traditional production methods continue to be used for producing rosewater.

Earlier, rosewater was produced through small distillation equipment for local uses.

Production of rosewater has led to the prosperity of copper, glass making and packaging industries.

Most of the local product is sold domestically. It has held its ground in contemporary times by constantly improving quality.

Qamsar has been and still is the main production center for the highest quality rosewater, as a result of its geographical and climatic conditions.

Source: Iran Daily

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