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Monday, 26 August 2013 13:45

Turkmen Handicrafts

Handicrafts are of paramount importance to Turkmen, as they are a source of livelihood alongside agriculture and animal husbandry.

Carpet weaving and felting are the main sources of income for Turkmen families, which are usually managed by women, IRIB reported.

The Turkmen women are also engaged in needlework and silkworm breeding. However, needlework is produced by Turkmen families mainly for personal use.

 

Carpet Weaving

One of the most important handicrafts of Turkmen women is carpet weaving. A majority of Turkmen villagers and urban dwellers have at least one weaving loom in their houses.

The Turkmen women are mainly engaged in carpet weaving, which is transferred like a legacy by mothers to their daughters.

The Turkmen women start carpet weaving from a very young age. The economic importance of carpet weaving among Turkmen families is such that the carpet weaving skill is one of the criteria of marriage, especially in Turkmen villages.

Carpets have both material and cultural importance. The study of carpet patterns produced by Turkmen women shows that carpets have been the protector of culture.

No prepared pattern is used in Turkmen carpets, which are geometrical. One of the differences of Turkmen carpets with the carpets of other regions is the limitation of dyes used in Turkmen carpets.

Red is the main color of Turkmen carpets, which lends them a special glitter.

Turkmen women weave carpets in different shapes and sizes to meet a variety of needs and demands.

They use beautiful geometrical patterns inspired by their environment.

Light and pretty rugs decorate Turkmen arbors, which are also used as prayer mats in rural and urban homes.

 

Felting

One of the other activities undertaken by Turkmen women is felting. The main element used in felting is wool that is abundant among Turkmen, as they are engaged in animal husbandry.

The abundance and cheapness of wool have led to the development of felting sector among Turkmen.

In addition to its light weight, felts are used for protection against moisture and cold.

Felts are mainly based on the natural colors of wool, including white, black, grey and brown. Among Turkmen, felts are for a number of uses, such as clothing for shepherds and horses.

Also, felts are used as the ceilings and inner walls of arbors by Turkmen.

 

Needlework

One of the most delicate and beautiful handicrafts of Turkmen women is needlework, which decorates the hats of men and the clothing of Turkmen women.

In needlework products, the taste and creativity of Turkmen women are presented within the framework of local traditional patterns.

Nearly all Turkmen women are familiar with this valuable handicraft. However, needlework is not considered a source of livelihood by Turkmen women and is mainly for personal use or presentation to relatives, which has enhanced the beauty and exquisiteness of this art.

The ornaments of Turkmen women, which include necklaces, bracelets and hairpins, are highly attractive. Gold and silver are used in their ornaments.

 

Turkmen Clothes

The clothing of any people is important in becoming familiar with their culture and their ethnic traits.

The clothing of Turkmen women is simple yet diverse and designed differently for different age groups.

Turkmen women wear a long dress named Koynek. The collar of this clothing is decorated with needlework in simple and delicate patterns.

Due to the strong belief of Turkmen women in Islamic precepts, they completely comply with hijab. They use large silk scarves for covering their hair.

Turkmen girls wear a hat underneath their headscarves while women wear a headband over their scarves after marriage.

The clothing of Turkmen men is highly influenced by the clothing of other Iranians.

The traditional Turkmen clothing is only seen among Turkmen who live far from cities. The hats of Turkmen men are semi-circular and made of wool.

Source: Iran Daily

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