Wednesday, 08 February 2012 06:38

Iran's scientific-technological achievements

Iran's scientific-technological achievements

Today we focus on the scientific and technological achievements of the Islamic Republic over the past 33 years despite the sanctions imposed by the US and its accomplices, and their daily mounting pressures and threats.

Yesterday on the 3rd of February 2012, the Islamic Republic added another brilliant achievement to its spectacular successes of the past three decades by launching its domestically-built Navid-e Elm-o Sanat satellite into orbit. The satellite, completely designed and built by Iranian experts, blasted into orbit early Friday on the third day of the 10-Day Dawn celebrations, marking the 34th anniversary of the victory of Iran's Islamic Revolution in 1979. The 50-kilogram orbiter lifted off into space with an orbital angle of 55 degrees on the Iranian-made Safir satellite-carrier. Head of Iran Space Agency (ISA) Hamid Fazeli said Navid satellite will circle the Earth at altitudes between 250 and 370 kilometers. He added that the remote-sensing observation satellite is designed to take pictures of the globe. The ISA chief noted that the satellite will also collect data on weather conditions which come in handy for weather forecasts and management of natural disasters. Fazeli further said that the satellite is expected to orbit the planet once every 90 minutes and send images to ground stations. Navid-e Elm-o Sanat is a telecom, measurement and scientific satellite whose records could be used in a wide range of fields. Iran launched its first domestically-produced satellite, Omid or Hope, into orbit in 2009. The Omid data-processing satellite was designed to orbit the Earth 15 times every 24 hours and transmit data via two frequency bands and eight antennas to an Iranian space station. Iran is one of the 24 founding members of the United Nations' Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, which was set up in 1959. One of Iran's progresses is scientific and research achievements in aeronautics. The project of naval patrol aircraft, cruise missiles and a new generation of unmanned aircrafts, space projects and satellite carrier missiles and rockets carrying communications satellites and also some electronic devices are among the achievements of Iranian experts which are to be unveiled in this year's ten days of dawn.

Based on scientific growth indexes in the field of satellite activities and launching satellite carrier missiles, Iran has in the recent years joined the 11 members of the world space club.

 

Presently, Iran ranks 27 among the 39 countries enjoying this technology. Iran's success in launching satellite containing a biomogule with a living creature on board into the space and planning for launching new satellite into the orbit for completing the aeronautics research program in the current year are among the results of Iran's progress in this field. Iran's successes in medical products and services in the recent decade are considered among Iran's progresses in medicine. In continuation of medical successes, this year in the ten days of Dawn, some new medical products for treating cancer were unveiled. Iran's self-sufficiency in producing plasma and blood factors which is one of the complicated plans in medical technology is another progress. This comes at a time when Iran since 20 years ago has been placed among the countries which have turned the production of stem cells and cloning into indigenous knowledge. Iran has made considerable growth in Nanotechnology, which is applied in the fields of medical science, petrochemicals and other industries. Iran has also made significant progress in production of smart Nano medicine one of which is Angi Pars drugs for treating diabetic injuries and the other one IMOD for strengthening the patients' immune system particularly those who suffering from Aids.

Iranian scientists after years of efforts have now achieved one of the great honors in mastering the full cycle of nuclear technology for peaceful objectives. Iran's Atomic Energy Organization (IAEO) has completed the first phase of the nuclear fuel cycle by starting operation of the Isfahan UCF Nuclear Plant as well as the Arak Heavy Water Reactor and the Fordo uranium enrichment installation near the holy city of Qom, which are all under supervision of the International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA. Iran is now producing fuel pellets or enriched compact uranium successfully. Among Iran's other achievements is design and development of nuclear fusion engineering. With this great scientific honor, Iran has joined the five states possessing nuclear fusion devices in the world. Iran is the only state in the region which acts under the supervision of IAEA in the field of nuclear fusion engineering for peaceful purposes. Farvardin 20 or April 8 is celebrated every year in Iran as National Nuclear Technology Day, since on this day Iran for the first time successfully enriched uranium to a degree of 3.5 percent purity and produced the first consignment of yellow cake. Iran joined the IAEA in 1958 and signed the nuclear non proliferation treaty NPT in 1968.

Over the past 4 years, Iran has managed to increase its capacity in the field of nuclear technology and fuel production by operating the new generations of centrifuges in Natanz, Isfahan, Arak and Fordo Installations. Among Iran's great achievements in this area is the ability to produced 20 percent enriched uranium for feeding Tehran University Medical Research Reactor. Iran also needs 30 thousand tons of atomic fuel for procuring the fuel needed for over 20 nuclear power plants which it plans to build for producing at least 20 thousand megawatts of electricity. The sanctions placed by western regimes, in violation of international rules, have left Iran with no other option but to take the required steps to develop this vital source of energy. As a member of the NPT and IAEA Iran has the right to enrich uranium for peaceful utilization of nuclear energy, and is determined to continue this path towards progress and development.

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