The EU postponed the implementation of the embargo for 6 months later, i.e. July so that the countries importing Iran oil get ready. Greece, Italy and Spain are the major customers of Iran's oil. In view of the fact that the oil of every country has special type of sulfur and a different quality, the refineries are designed according to the quality of the imported oil. Thus the oil imported from a certain country cannot be easily replaced. One of the ways of replacement is that the oil combination of that country should be similar to that of the Islamic Republic of Iran. This and the contracts concluded by some of the European oil companies with Iran have caused the EU foreign ministers to give a 6 month deadline for putting into effect the sanctions on Iran. No doubt the Europeans are also concerned about the impact of boycotting Iran's oil on the world oil market. Imposing sanctions on oil purchase of the country which is the second exporting OPEC state and the 4th oil exporter in the world undoubtedly will have a direct impact on the global oil market. The EU cautious policy in executing Iran sanctions shows its deep concern of the regional and international repercussions of the decision on the grave economic crisis in Europe.
The EU declaration of boycotting purchase of the Islamic Republic of Iran's oil has ensued negative views in the European political and media circles. The CEO of France Total oil company Christophe de Margerie, on the first day of Davos meeting said the new European sanctions on Iran will be useless since if the EU stops buying Iran's oil, Tehran will find another customer. He reiterated that Iran can create certain conditions and find better customers. German daily 'Zudkewich' in a report wrote that the crisis-stricken European countries, especially Greece will be seriously harmed. On the sidelines of Davos meeting the chief executive of Shell Company said economically the consumers will be the losers because boycotting Iran's oil will finally raise oil prices. Shell is one of the greatest consumers of Iran's crude oil. Every day the company imports about 100 thousand barrels of Iran oil to Europe and almost the same amount with the Showa Shell in Asia.
In a report to G-20, the International Monetary Fund has warned that the global oil prices might rise to 20 or 30 percent if Iran's oil export is stopped due to US and EU sanctions. The IMF has reiterated that boycotting Iran's oil can mean to omit about 1.5 million barrels of its exporting crude oil in world markets; whereas in the present circumstances, there is no other producer which can compensate this shortage. Iran exports about 18 percent of its oil to Europe. 65 percent of Iran's oil customers are in Asia all of which have disagreed with the US and European embargo on Iran. Each day Iran exports 2.2 million barrels of crude oil 450 thousand of which are exported to Europe. In view of the economic growth of East Asian countries, Iran can easily find new customers.
The goal of the US and its European partners of the strategic sanctions and threats is to force the Islamic Republic of Iran to submit to the new power balance in the Middle East. The balance will pull out the Zionist regime from isolation, and the US and its European partners will easily and cheaply take the oil from the world energy core and keep the Islamic states in crisis to continue their hegemony over the region. That is the reason why the famous US and British politicians say that sanctions on Iran are aimed at driving the Islamic Republic to the negotiation table to accept its status in the road map designed by the US and its European partners for the Middle East. It is about a century that the westerners have created a tradition in the Middle East: the equation of oil and crisis, they take oil and deliver crisis to the Middle East states. In this process, the oil dollars are either spent for buying weapons from the west or making the affiliated and corrupt governments stronger. The people of the Middle East gain nothing of this equation except poverty and backwardness. But the Islamic revolution of Iran through resistance against the western governments’ insatiable greed and ambitions over the past three decades has challenged their hegemony in the Middle East. The Islamic popular uprisings against the west-backed despotic regimes in the region manifestly demonstrate the success of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
A glance at the 33-year history of the Islamic Republic of Iran shows that the more Iran has been exposed to the economic, political and military threats the firmer strides it has taken in the path of human and economic development and export of anti-oppression message of the Islamic revolution. During the past 33 year period the US and its European partners have enforced 33 kinds of sanctions against the popular system of Iran the last being the attempt to boycott purchase of oil from Iran. The US bullying government tries, by tightening sanctions against the Islamic Republic of Iran, to create discontent among people and separate them from the system. But what has brought all US efforts to failure is the national unity and solidarity between the Iranian people and leaders. This unity and solidarity has amazed the most expert western pundits in analyzing the events inside Iran. They gave the title of unpredictable country to the Islamic Republic of Iran. Each of the measures that the US government and its allies have taken against the Islamic Republic of Iran was enough for overthrowing a government. But on Iran, the more the US and its allies pressure Iran, the more the Islamic Republic of Iran has progressed. For instance, the number of Iran’s scientific articles published in valid and reputed scientific press and sites during the sanctions has increased manifold. Access to the latest world technologies including the peaceful nuclear one shows that the science production in Iran has entered the stage of fruitfulness. Fordo enrichment site started operation during the sanctions. The sanctions and assassination of nuclear scientists might place Iran temporarily in a bottleneck but will not stop the Islamic Republic in the path of growth to give up the slogans and anti-oppression values of the Iranian people.