The former despotic regime’s armed forces suppressed the anti-regime demonstrations of the revolutionary Iranian nation. In that year; Tehran University, mosques, streets, and pavements, especially Enqelab and Shohadaa Squares had turned into the major revolutionary centers. On September 8, 1978 AD, the mercenaries of Shah’s despotic regime slaughtered the revolutionary people at Shohadaa Square, ruthlessly martyring a large number of men, women, and children.
On November 4, 1978 AD, Tehran University and its surrounding streets were the scene of Shah regime mercenaries’ attacks against pupils, students, and people. On February 1, 1979, people of Tehran accorded a unique welcome to the Father of Islamic Revolution, late Imam Khomeini (May his soul rest in peace). Millions of people gathered throughout a distance of thirty kilometers to welcome the arrival of the Father of Islamic Revolution, late Imam Khomeini (May his soul rest in peace). Ten days later, on February 11, 1979, the despotic Pahlavi regime was toppled and the Islamic Revolution triumphed under the leadership and guidance of late Imam Khomeini (May his soul rest in peace). Thereafter, Tehran has always witnessed people’s enthusiastic presence in different social and political scenes.
On November 4, 1979 AD, Muslim and revolutionary students took over the US den of espionage in Tehran, which was referred to as the Second Revolution by the Founder of Islamic Republic of Iran, late Imam Khomeini (May his soul rest in peace).
In the months prior to victory of Islamic Revolution, the major streets and squares of Tehran were the scene of massive protests by the revolutionary people. Following the victory of Islamic Revolution, people of Tehran, on a number of occasions, also held gatherings to approve the Islamic Revolution and to voice support for its ideals.
After the victory of Islamic Revolution, the glorious Friday Prayers are convened at Tehran University in the presence of large numbers of worshippers.
Friday Prayers change the atmosphere of Tehran on Friday noon, establishing further amity among people and granting spirituality to Tehran’s atmosphere. Moreover, Friday Prayers raise an appropriate opportunity for the officials of sacred Islamic system to analyze and study the main topics of importance of Iran and the world for people.
On September 22, 1980, Tehran’s Mehrabad Airport was pounded by the Iraqi Ba’th minority regime’s warplanes. Concurrently, the fully equipped army of Saddam’s regime raided the western and southern cities of Iran. Although Tehran was far from warfronts, this city experienced major changes throughout the imposed war. Large numbers of refugees headed for this city from southern and western regions of Iran, in addition to many Iraqi refugees, who opposed Saddam’s regime. The imposed war brought about many detrimental consequences, while Tehran was bombarded by the enemy warplanes time and again. Upon the termination of the imposed war, a fresh era began for construction and development of the country.
Given that the people of a number of villages and cities in Iran were suffering from disadvantages and shortages resulting from the policies of Pahlavi regime’s suppressive policies, many headed for Tehran and other large cities in the early years after the victory of Islamic Revolution. In addition to the detrimental impacts of the imposed war, the phenomenon of irregular migration imposed numerous problems on Tehran. Despite all of Tehran’s problems in the past three decades, this city has tried to maintain its identity, while concurrently turning into one of the most beautiful cities of the world. Elimination of shantytowns, which were considered as the place of residence of low-income families, and their transformation into beautiful green areas and parks; fair distribution of urban facilities across the southern and northern regions of Tehran; construction of highways, subway stations, huge buildings and towers; expansion of educational and cultural centers; and enhancement of inner-city and outer-city green areas, are part of the activities which have been carried out in Tehran in the past three decades.
Currently, the city of Tehran has accommodated more than ten million people. Naturally, transportation of these people leads to traffic congestions and air pollution. However, the location of Tehran on the foothills of Alborz Mountain Range, and presence of several summer quarters in the vicinity of this city has distinguished Tehran from many other populous cities in the world.
Tehran’s surrounding summer quarters are some of the most interesting tourist attraction sites in the vicinity of Tehran. Maybe for this reason, as of ancient times, any traveler who has visited Tehran has allocated part of his travelogue to description of Tehran’s scenic summer quarters. People of Tehran have always been keen to attend these summer quarters in every opportunity that has been raised, especially throughout the weekends. This is because they can attend these summer quarters by covering a short distance.
We allocate the last part of this discussion to introduction of a book on Tehran, titled: “Tehran at a glance”. This book has been penned by a number of authors and has been published by the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, in the year 1992 AD. It includes tens of attractive photos on the city of Tehran. The book also covers valuable information in Farsi and English languages, coupled with poems from renowned Iranian poets. This book is highly appropriate for tourists, who visit Tehran.