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Saturday, 22 August 2015 09:27

Iran Your Attractive Destination (179)

Iran Your Attractive Destination (179)

Welcome to the 179th weekly episode of the series Iran Your Attractive Destination. As a reminder, we became familiar with the geographical position and historical background of Elam Province, last week, and mentioned that this province is home to many historical sites, while enjoying an intact nature and scenic landscapes. Today, we introduce some of the provincial cities, historical monuments, and tourist attractions.

 

The city of Shirvan VA Chardavel is located in the northeastern corner of Elam Province, and is 737 kilometers away from the Iranian Capital, Tehran. This city maintains a moderate, mountainous climate, and is home to countless historical sites. In fact, the history of this town dates back to the Sassanid era. The ancient city of Shirvan was located on the northern banks of Saymareh River; the remains of which are evident to this day. The ruins of its historical monuments, such as the remains of a historical castle, Saam Zoroastrian Temple, 160 historical hills, and the ruins of the ancient civilization in Halilan and Mobin districts, manifest the ancient history of this region.

The ancient city of Shirvan in Elam Province is situated on the foothills. It is engulfed by Zagros Mountain Range. This historical town dates back to the Sassanid era and was considered as one of the centers of civilization, up until the 5th Century AH. The construction materials used for building this ancient city are stones, mortar, and plaster. This city, at the peak of its grandeur, was one of the important and developed towns of the Sassanid era. The presence of historical bridges, roads, courtyards, castles, and settlements, manifest the importance of this ancient city.

The Kazabad Hills are some of the other valuable sites of Shirvan VA Chardavel, which are situated in northeast of this city. On the eastern corner of these hills, remains of painted jars have been unearthed, which date back to more than 3,000 years ago. Also, remains of pieces of cut stones have been discovered in the said region. North of these hills, there is a large cemetery, in which several historical items and mud-made jars have been found.
Saam Castle is another historical site of Shirvan VA Chardavel. It is made of three connected sections, and dates back to the waning years of Parthian era and the early years of Sassanid era. The architectural style of this castle maintains a defense and military aspect. The architect of this castle has constructed the related towers, chambers, and gateways with due consideration of the natural position of the rocks. In general, the architectural style of the Sassanid era is evident in the design of this palace. Stones, plaster, mortar, and mud are the construction materials used in the castle. Next to this castle, large sycamore trees are spotted which date back to 500 years ago. Fresh water springs are also located next to this ancient castle.

The city of Mehran is also located in Elam Province, next to Iran-Iraq border. It maintains highly fertile lands. The residents of this city are Kurdish people, who converse in Kurdish language. The economic mainstay of the people of this region is farming, and they mainly cultivate wheat.

There is an Assyrian inscription in this city, which dates back to roughly 3,000 years ago. It is oblong shaped with 130X90 centimeters dimensions. Its height from the ground stands at 270 centimeters. On this inscription, an Assyrian soldier has been depicted, holding a spear. On the lower section of this inscription, several sentences in cuneiform language have been engraved which were translated by Mr. Vandenberg in 1973 AD. These sentences refer to the conquest of Elam and Lorestan by the Assyrians.

The city of Evan is located north of Elam Province, 761 kilometers away from the city of Tehran. It maintains a moderate, mountainous climate. It is one of the new provincial cities, and is highly apt for agriculture and animal husbandry. It is home to an astounding nature and historical monuments.

The Siahgol Zoroastrian Temple is a historical site, which belongs to Sassanid era, located 25 kilometers from the city of Evan on the southern banks of River Gangir. This historical site is rather unique and is granted significant importance in archeological studies. It has a square shaped balcony at the height of ten meters. The diameter of the walls of this temple is one meter. It has a fire place. On the higher section of this historical site, pores have been installed for the exit of fumes. This temple was surrounded by a courtyard, which has been destroyed throughout the course of history. The temple’s construction materials were stones, mortar, and plaster.

In the vicinity of this temple, remains of other ancient buildings have been discovered, which raises the possibility of presence of the lost city of Arivjaan in this region. Arivjaan is a historical city of Elam Province which according to the then travelers and their travelogues was located on the banks of River Gangir.

The Shirin VA Farhad Arch is located in the city of Evan and belongs to the Sassanid era. The related building has two arches and a gateway, which maintain a unique architectural style.

The city of Abdanan is in Elam Province. In this region, there are ample mineral sources such as sulfur, oil, and vitriol. Also, given the ample water sources and presence of forests and meadows, this region’s soil is highly apt for agriculture and animal husbandry. The presence of historical sites in this region proves its ancient history. Gabran Cemetery is one of such historical sites.

The Siahgaav Twin Lakes in this city maintain the capacity to turn into a top international tourist destination. River Siahgaav runs through a valley, 45 kilometers southeast of Abdanan, forming two lakes.

The pristine water, cane field, and colorful fish grant further beauty to this unique scenic landscape. These two lakes each have a 30-meter radius and are 3 meters in depth. The moderate regional climate has captured the attention of tourists toward these two lakes all year long.

 

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