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Friday, 24 July 2015 09:08

Iran Your Attractive Destination (177)

Iran Your Attractive Destination (177)

Welcome to the 177th weekly episode of the series Iran Your Attractive Destination. In this episode, we become familiar with some of the other cities of Bushehr Province.The port city of Daylam is situated northwest of Bushehr Province, and is 217 kilometers northwest of the port city of Bushehr. It is located eight meters above the sea level and maintains a warm and humid climate.


In accordance to historical evidences, the ancient port of Mehroban was situated 24 kilometers north of the port city of Daylam; the remains of which are evident to this day.

After the destruction of the port city of Mehroban in the Mongol era, the Daylam Port developed further. In 18th Century AD, Daylam was the trade hub of Dutch traders, and commodities such as cotton, wool, oil, dried fruits, and grains were exported from this port to different parts of the world. Moreover, tea, sugar, dates, and other goods were imported to this port city. At the time, Daylam Port was situated at the very end of Isfahan-Mehroban ancient route, which connected Daylam with central Iran.

In ancient times, Mehroban Port hosted well-known historians and travelers such as Yaqout Hamvi, Naser Khosrow Qobadiani, and a number of geographers.

Two French archaeologists, Babin and Houssay, who traveled to Iran in the year 1885 AD have mentioned Daylam Port in their travelogue, noting: Daylam is a small port city, which is surrounded by a palm grove. Over there, Iranians maintain a castle. Daylam is one of the highly appropriate ports of the Persian Gulf and is a trade hub of India, Iran, and Ottomans. Many ships are present in this port city.

The castle that French archaeologists mentioned has remained to this day. In addition to the said castle, Daylam port city was home to other towers; the ruins of which have remained to this day. There are also several sites of pilgrimage in the villages surrounding Daylam. The Daylam port complex has been established for loading and unloading ships, enhancing port’s capacity, and making it possible for ships and fishing boats to dock over there.

This complex has changed the appearance of Daylam, and has helped develop the economy of this small port.

Genaveh Port is one of the provincial cities, which lies on the northern coastlines of the Persian Gulf. It has been referred to, under a number of different names in the ancient books penned by historians and geographers. Genaveh was a highly developed port, and a trade hub. The present day Genaveh port is located in the vicinity of the ruins of ancient and glorious port city of Genaveh.

The coastlines of Genaveh capture the attention of tourists in the winter season because of its mild climate. Numerous sites of pilgrimage are in the surrounding villages which are known as the tourist attraction sites of this port city. One of the well-known sites of pilgrimage is the Holy Shrine of Imamzadeh Soleiman ibn Ali, next to Genaveh-Daylam route. It is an oblong shaped building. The dome, tomb, and related balconies are within the eastern side of the building. The architectural style of the dome of this holy shrine is a manifestation of ancient architectural style of Persian Gulf coastlines. It has been constructed similar to the dome of the tomb of Prophet Daniel in Shush. The huge dome of this Imamzadeh Holy Shrine has been decorated with tile works in blue, yellow, and white colors.

Some of the Persian Gulf islands are located within Bushehr Province. Some of these islands are residential. However, some of them are uninhabited and usually maintain strategic importance. Khark Island is located 57 kilometers northeast of Bushehr and is considered as one of the important regional islands. The geologists believe that Khark Island has emerged roughly 14000 years ago.

This island is one of the most important scenic landscapes and one of the beautiful islands of Persian Gulf region. Despite its small area, Khark Island is of paramount commercial, economic, military, and historical importance. Its approximate length is eight kilometers and its width stands at four to five kilometers. Hence, the area covered by this island is less than forty square kilometers. The central point of this island is 83 meters above the sea level. This island is home to several hills, including Takht altitude which stands at 76 meters above the sea level. The central altitudes of this island have stood up against the northern winds and have made the southern coastlines of this island appropriate for ships to dock. Khark Island is highly appropriate for formation of piers, and for oceanic liners and oil tankers to dock. Also, one of the most important terminals for export of Iran’s oil has been constructed in this island.

Throughout the 8-year imposed war against Iran, the destruction of vital and economic sources and oil installations was one of the important and strategic goals of the enemy. Therefore, throughout the imposed war, Khark Island was the target of the invading enemy’s air raids and missile attacks for 2888 times.

Khark Island is home to countless historical monuments which have remained from the pre- and post-Islamic eras.

The Palmiran Tombs, Nepton Temple, Zoroastrian Temple, a church and a monastery, grave stones, and the Tomb of Mir Mohammad Hanfieh are some of the historical monuments belonging to Sassanid, Parthian, and Islamic eras, which have been discovered in Khark Island.

Within the mountainous region of Khark Island, several graves have been discovered which are attributed to Zoroastrians. There is a cross sign on some gravestones, which shows Christians laid to rest their deceased over there, too.

Imamzadeh Mir Mohammad Hanfieh Holy Shrine is one of the most important and valuable historical and cultural monuments of Khark Island which belongs to the Islamic era and is located in the southwestern region of the island. This holy shrine belongs to the Saljuqid era in Iran. Its interior has been decorated with octagonal tiles.

According to the majority of researchers and historians, this is the Holy Shrine of Mohammad Hanfieh, the son of the First Infallible Imam of the Prophet of Islam, Mohammad (Blessings of God upon him and his progeny) Household, Imam Ali (Peace be upon him). According to beliefs, Mir Mohammad Hanfieh emigrated from Medina due to the injustices imposed by Omayyad Dynasty and Bani Marvan against Hashemite. On his way to Basra, he resided in Khark Island and passed away due to poisoning. The Holy Shrine of Mir Mohammad Hanfieh is one of the most important sites of pilgrimage in southern Iran.



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