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Tuesday, 21 July 2015 09:25

Iran Your Attractive Destination (176)

Iran Your Attractive Destination (176)

Welcome to the 176th weekly episode of the series Iran Your Attractive Destination. As a reminder, in the previous episodes we visited Bushehr Province in southern Iran and became familiar with the features of this province, the city of Bushehr, and its valuable historical monuments. In this episode, we introduce a number of other cities in this province.

 

The town of Dashtestan is a provincial agricultural pole. Farming and cultivation of palm trees are common activities in this town. The important products of this city include dates, tobacco, and summer crops. Dear listeners, it is certainly worth mentioning that this province is home to several unique historical buildings and monuments, which manifests the significance of this region of Iran. In this city, we are witness to several historical hills and monuments which display the culture and history of regional people.

One of the well-known historical buildings that have remained to this day is Moshir ul-Molk Guest House, which is situated at the city center. The architect of this guest house is Haaj Mohammad Rahim Shirazi, who also constructed Moshir Bridge and Dalaki Guest House. The main construction materials of this guest house are stone, plaster, and cement. Its floor has been covered with large pieces of stone. The building’s area is 7,000 square meters, while its foundation stands at nearly 4200 square meters. This guest house has had 68 rooms, while the number of these rooms have decreased or increased due to the change of their applications in the following periods. This building was used as a guest house up until the year 1921 AD. In the following years, this building has maintained a variety of applications. It was evacuated in the year 1998 AD due to its high value and importance, and was later renovated. This historical building was registered among Iran’s historical buildings in the year 1983 AD.

Meanwhile, in the vicinity of the city of Borazjan in Bushehr Province, valuable historical monuments have been discovered which date back to the Medes, Sassanid, and Parthian eras. The historical region of Touz, on the banks of Shapour Dalaki River is one of these valuable regions. In the past, this was a commercial city, whose cotton garments and upholstery were well-known. The ruins of the ancient city of Touz are evident in the region, which proves the vast territory of this ancient city.

The historical Cave Chehel-Khaneh is another historical monument in the vicinity of city of Borazjan. This historical cave has in fact been made via cutting of rocks on the two sides of River Shapour. It includes a balcony in front of the chambers, and corridors that interconnect the chambers. Based on substantial evidences, this historical site belongs to Medes and Sassanid eras.

Moreover, the remains of two large castles have been discovered by a team of Iranian archeologists in the vicinity of Borazjan which date back to Achaemenian era. These palaces have been important bases of Iran across the Persian Gulf coastlines in the Achaemenian era.

The city of Tangestan is situated east of Dashtestan. The majority of the residents of this city are active in service, agriculture, and fishing sectors. The people of Tangestan have been known for their courage and patriotism throughout the recent periods of time. Many stories have been cited by people over the bravery and selflessness of the residents of Tangestan amid World War I and their resistance against British attacks on southern Iran and the city of Shiraz.

Meanwhile, Ahram rural region is a top tourist destination in Bushehr Province. The presence of several springs and citrus fruit orchards in this region has redoubled the natural beauties of this rural neighborhood. The remains of two fortifications in this region are a reminder of courageous men, who lost their lives in defending the country against foreign enemies. This rural region is home to several historical sites, which have captured the attention of locals and residents of other cities.

The city of Kangan is located on the southeastern tip of Bushehr Province across the Persian Gulf coastlines. This city is a tourist attraction due to its location on the beautiful Persian Gulf coastal belt. Moreover, the presence of a huge natural gas refinery in Kangan has turned this region into an important industrial pole, such that in addition to provision of natural gas to remote regions of Iran, the products of this refinery are exported overseas. Given the presence of this refinery, the industrial activities are the economic mainstay in this city.

It is interesting to know that Taheri Port, in the environs of Kangan, was of commercial importance in 4th Century AH due to the presence of the large ancient city of Siraf, next to this port. Although only the remains of Siraf are currently at hand, this city was of importance in Sassanid era and the initial Islamic centuries. In fact, in 3rd and 4th Centuries AH, all goods and products which were imported to Iran by sea were distributed in Siraf port city.

The city of Asalouyeh was separated from Kangan in the year 2013.

Asalouyeh Port is a major economic pole of Iran and biggest producer of energy in the world, which is located in the southern tip of the country. This port city has significantly progressed in the recent twelve years. This port city is located 276 kilometers southeast of Bushehr and 570 kilometers west of Bandar Abbas.

This port city maintains an ancient history and is considered as one of the initial ports of Persian Gulf. Due to tensions, incidents, and enmities, the historical monuments of this port city, including a number of castles and mosques, have been ruined. Based on existing evidences, Asalouyeh Port was created in the Sassanid era. It is located 300 kilometers east of port city of Bushehr and 100 kilometers away from the South Pars Gas Field in Persian Gulf.

The Pars Field is situated in Persian Gulf waters in a 120-kilometer radius from the coastlines. North Pars Field is within Iran’s territory, while the South Pars Field is shared with Qatar.

Many experts believe that the precise volume of natural gas reserves of North Pars Field is yet to be determined. This field which is at the 2-30 meters depth of Persian Gulf waters roughly holds seven trillion cubic meters of natural gas.

After the termination of the imposed war, the then managers mainly focused on South Pars Gas Field, which Iran shares with Qatar.

The South Pars Field covers an area of 9700 square kilometers; with Iran’s share standing at 3700 square kilometers. These deposits are located in a 250-meter layer, at the depth of 3000 meters below the sea bedding. This gas field holds fourteen trillion cubic meters of natural gas, coupled with 18 billion barrels of condensed natural gas.

 

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