Bushehr Province covers an area of over 23,000 square kilometers and is located in southwestern Iran. Its six-hundred kilometer Persian Gulf coastline has granted strategic and economic importance to this province.
The most important ports of this province include Bushehr, Gonaveh, Daylam, Reeg, Dayr, Kangaan, Asalouyeh, and Ameri ports, with the provincial capital being Bushehr Port.
This province was the place of residence of a number of different races and ethnicities prior to entry of Aryans to Iran.
Meanwhile, the struggle of the people of Bushehr against foreign forces in the recent hundred years is one of the milestones in the history of this province.
Bushehr Province is divided into plains and mountainous regions. The plains are stretched across the coastlines of the Persian Gulf and have been formed by the alluvia of Dalki, Shapour, Ahrom, and Mand Rivers. For instance, one can mention Bushehr plain, and Borazjaan, which have covered a large segment of northern Bushehr. The majority of cities in this province have been situated in this plain. The provincial mountainous regions are home to two mountain ranges, which are stretched parallel to each other.
Given that this province is within a warm region, its most important climatic phenomenon is its warm climate. In general, Bushehr’s climate across the coastlines is warm and humid, and is warm and dry in its internal regions. The winter season is relatively cool and the summer season is warm and dry in this province. Moreover, the rate of rainfall is low and variable in the province.
The local winds of Bushehr Province are in fact part of Persian Gulf storms, which emerge due to the pressure difference between the Saudi Desert and the altitudes in southern Iran, throughout the year. These winds gust nearly across all Persian Gulf coastlines and are mentioned by a variety of names in different regions of Persian Gulf. These names have been chosen based on the seasons of their occurrence; imaginations of sailors; and their ensuing dangers.
The economic mainstays of Bushehr Province are agriculture, animal husbandry, fishery, and industrial activities. The most important agricultural products of this province include wheat, barley, tobacco, onions, sesame, vegetables, summer crops, and fodder. Also, Bushehr is one of the most important producers of date in Iran. Moreover, small citrus fruit orchards are scattered across this province. The towns of Dashtestan and Tangestan are ranked 1st and 2nd in production of date and citrus fruits in the province.
One of the most important provincial economic mainstays is fishing and a large number of fishermen are active across the ports and coastlines of Bushehr Province.
This province is one of the most important centers for camel breeding. The presence of 3,000 camels has been registered in this province, which are kept in a traditional manner.
The frock-weaving industry is promoted in this province and depends on camel wool. A number of limited workshops in Kardovan Village produce frocks.
Bushehr Province’s industrial sector is divided into handicrafts, and machined industries. Handicrafts have long played an important role in the lives and livelihood of villagers in this province. The provincial handicrafts sector currently doesn’t maintain a commercial and export value and mainly meets the needs of locals in this region. The most important handicrafts of this region include production of small boats; fishing nets, carpet and rug weaving, felting, production of frocks, and pottery. The modern industries of the province include maritime industries, an atomic power station, food industry, and pharmacology.
Furthermore, the presence of a large natural gas refinery in Jam; existence of one of the most important global natural gas export terminals in Khark Island; in addition to implementation of major industrial projects such as Bushehr atomic power plant, have all turned this province into one of the important global industrial and economic regions.
Now, we become familiar with some of the conservation areas and hunting sites of this province.
The restriction of regional flora and the warm and dry climate in this province has turned the province into the habitat of animals, which can make themselves compatible with its natural environment. Wild animals live across the deserts, foothills, altitudes, springs, gorges, and green areas of this province, which include wild goats, ewes, and rams. Also, aquatics live in the Persian Gulf waters and the few islands of the province, including prawns, sharks, dolphins, turtles, lobsters, and jelly fish. The province is also home to a number of birds, such as partridges, quails, nightingales, swallows, and cranes. Some of the birds migrate to the Persian Gulf waters in the winter season from India and Africa for fishing, while residing across the coastlines and surrounding islands of Bushehr Province for a while and later returning to their homeland.
There are four conservation areas in this region; including Mand, Talab Halleh, Naayband conservation areas, and Kouh-Siah hunting site. Each of these regions is a top tourist destination. The Mand Conservation Area is located on the banks of River Mand, and is of paramount importance in regard to conservation and reproduction of a number of animals. The Naayband Conservation Area is the habitat of a variety of wild animals including ewes and rams, goats, deer, and leopards. The Kouh-Siah hunting site is located 83 kilometers southeast of Borazjaan at an altitude of 1691 meters above the sea level. It is the winter quarter of nomads. Thousands of goats, ewes, and rams live in this region.
The Talab Halleh Conservation Area is also highly important. It covers an area of 20,000 hectares and is situated northeast of Bushehr Province. Due to its unique conditions, it is home to different species of birds and aquatics such as ducks and cranes.
This conservation area is also home to rare bird species and other animals such as jackals, foxes, and wolves.