The most important river that runs through Masjid Soleiman is River Karoon, which originates from Zaagros Mountain Range. Also, River Tembi is situated south of this city, on the banks of which a number of parks and recreational centers have been formed and shaped, that have turned into a top tourist destination.
The city of Masjid Soleiman is located 362 meters above the sea level, and is situated 145 kilometers northeast of the city of Ahwaz. This city was constructed in the year 1906 AD. In this manner, the officials of the oil company constructed a building over there in that year and started their activities after the excavation of the first well. Upon discovery of oil and countless excavations in that region, Masjid Soleiman gradually turned into an independent city. In addition to production of crude oil in this city, the natural gas needed by the chemical complex of Imam Khomeini Port is provided by this city. In accordance to studies, which have been carried out since the discovery of oil in this city, more than 316 oil and natural gas wells have been dug in Masjid Soleiman to this date.
Some believe that Masjid Soleiman is the first industrial city of Iran. The presence of the first oil well in Middle East; the first oil refinery in Middle East, the first sulfur production factory, and the first electricity producing factory in the Middle East, in this city, attest to this fact. Currently, Masjid Soleiman is one of Iran’s industrial hubs. It is home to a number of large industrial factories, such as cement producing factory, Masjid Soleiman dam and power plant, natural gas refinery, Razi petrochemical factory, and aluminum factory, as well as Masjid Soleiman oil and natural gas exploitation company; which is one of the five main companies in oil rich regions of southern Iran. Moreover, this city is home to a large industrial township that accommodates several factories, such as factories for production of flour, sausages, spaghetti, and plastic industries.
Dear listeners, in addition to Masjid Soleiman, the Haftkel region is also known for its oil deposits. In fact, it is the second oil rich region in southern Iran and is located 80 kilometers south of Masjid Soleiman. Discovery and recovery of oil in this region has started as of 1927 AD, and oil pipes are evident in every corner of this city.
One of the other well-known oil rich regions of Khuzestan Province is Naft-e Sefid region, which is situated 72 kilometers south of Masjid Soleiman. In addition to its oil wells, this region’s natural gas wells pump a better quality gas compared to Masjid Soleiman.
Due to location of Masjid Soleiman adjacent to Zaagros Mountain Range, it maintains an appropriate and mild climate, especially in its northern corner. The pinnacles of this region are used as summer quarters for Bakhtiari nomads, drawing the attention of every newcomer.
Additionally, this city accommodates a large number of historical monuments, such as hills, castles, and Imamzadeh Holy Shrines; the most important of which we introduce in this section.
One of the most important historical sites of Masjid Soleiman is a temple, which is situated northeast of this city. This temple dates back to early 7th Century BC. The cut pieces of stone, fractured pillars, arches, and stone-made walls are the remains of a castle which was constructed over there. In addition to the historical monuments of this region, the remains of the oil company is one of the tourist attraction sites of this city. The old refinery of this city, and the old roads and bridges which have been constructed by the oil company are highly value in the review of the history of discovery of oil and its utilization in Iran.
This city has two museums, which are the museums of oil, and anthropology. The oil museum displays the ancient tools of the time of discovery of oil in this city. the museum of anthropology displays various items of different Iranian ethnicities such as their clothes and handicrafts.
Dear listeners, today, we also introduce one of the tourist attraction sites of Iran, which is Karkheh Conservation Area, north of Khuzestan Province. It consists of River Karkheh and forested regions on the banks of this river, covering an area of 130 square kilometers, comprised of the protected region and wildlife sanctuary. This region maintains ample water sources and fertile lands. Throughout the course of history, it has been the location of a number of civilizations.
The flora of Karkheh region is comprised of tropical forested regions, which are of major significance.
Throughout Karkheh region and its surroundings, diverse flora and fauna can be observed. The animals living in this region include wild cats, foxes, wolves, jackals, hyenas, hedgehogs, boars, and rabbits, in addition to ducks, gooses, cranes, and predator birds.
Karkheh conservation area maintains the capacity to turn into a major tourist attraction site.