The most important rivers that run through this city are River Jarahi, and River Khayr-Abad, which eventually pour into the Persian Gulf waters.
The industrial sector of this city is divided into handicrafts, and machine industry. The machine industry of this city consists of the light industries, such as food industry, wood industry, and transportation industry, in addition to heavy industry such as oil and mine industries. The factories for production of cement, bricks, aluminum dishes, kitchen cabinets, and sugar are the most important plants of this region. The underground sources and mines of this city include oil deposits, limestone, chalk, clay, sand, and raw materials for production of cement.
The presence of fertile agricultural lands, sufficient facilities for animal husbandry, rich underground deposits and mines, and burgeoning industries, including handicrafts, and light and heavy machinery, have highly promoted the economy and trade of this region, such that a number of residents of this city are traders.
This city’s warm climate and the presence of River Jarahi, and River Khayr-Abad, in addition to the fertile soil of this city have all created appropriate conditions for expansion of agricultural sector. A large number of agricultural products are cultivated in this region; the most important of which are wheat, barley, rice, cotton, beet root, sesame seeds, in addition to summer crops and citrus fruits such as sour orange, as well as apricots, grapes, apples, mulberries, and olives. Traditional animal husbandry is also common in this region, and is carried out by the nomadic tribes. The summer quarter of these nomads is Behbahan. In the past, this city was considered to be a trade hub for the nomadic tribes.
Given the location of Behbahan between Khuzestan, Kohgilouyeh VA Boyrahmad, and Fars Provinces; and this city’s strategic military importance and important agricultural status, it has always been of significance, and is therefore home to several historical monuments and buildings.
The city of Behbahan was a small village, a few kilometers away from one of the ancient cities of Iran in the Sassanid era, named Arjaan. After the destruction of Arjaan, the city of Behbahan developed further. The Islamic historians, in their books, have spoken of the distinguished status of the city of Arjaan.
Meanwhile, given the historical background of the city of Behbahan, its architectural style is highly different to contemporary architectural styles. The ancient buildings of Behbahan have been constructed based on the traditional and Islamic architectural styles. The old neighborhoods of this city consist of narrow and tortuous alleys, and tall walls, which lead to open spaces such as squares. In these squares, in addition to public places such as mosques, Husseiniyehs, and public bathrooms; a number of local and old shops exist, which have granted especial beauty to the districts of this city.
The houses, based on their traditional architectural styles, maintain a courtyard in the middle, with a number of chambers on its surroundings.
The large balconies, with huge pillars, decorated with plasterworks, have added magnificence to these homes. A large pond is usually located in the middle of the courtyard. The majority of old houses in Behbahan maintain cool basements, which are the most appropriate residential units for summertime.
Dear listeners, it is important to note that the historical monuments of city of Arjaan capture the attention of tourists. In the year 1982 AD, an Elamite Tomb belonging to 7th Century BC was discovered in Arjaan which is highly valued.
The historical monuments and works of Arjaan, which belong to Sassanid era, include a Zoroastrian temple, Arjaan dam and bridge, and Bekan bathroom. Khayr-Abad School, belonging to Safavid era, in addition to Argan Castle, and Najaf-Khan House are the other historical monuments of this city.
A number of inscriptions that belong to Parthian era are situated 50 kilometers northwest of the city of Behbahan, which are covered with patterns of eagles, kings, as well as other paintings.
Meanwhile, the presence of more than eighty mosques and Husseiniyehs, and hundreds of domes and minarets with beautiful and traditional Islamic architectural styles in this city, and over seventy mosques in the surrounding villages attest to the strong religious beliefs of the people of this city.
One of the most ancient mosques of this city is Jam’eh Mosque, which has been constructed in 782 AH. This mosque covers an area of roughly 2,000 square meters, and is one of the largest mosques of the region.
This region of Iran also maintains a scenic landscape, while daffodils, sunflowers, and chamomile flowers grow in this green region of Khuzestan plain.
The English traveler and historian, Henry Layard, in his travelogue which was penned in the waning months of reign of Qajarid King, Mohammad Shah, has mentioned the beautiful scene that gardens of daffodils created in this region.