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Monday, 06 July 2015 09:31

Iran Your Attractive Destination (169)

Iran Your Attractive Destination (169)

As a reminder, we previously paid a visit to Khuzestan Province in southwestern Iran and became familiar with a number of cities in this province. Today, we get to know the city of Shushtar, north of Khuzestan Province.The city of Shushtar covers an area of 3500 square kilometers. The foothills of Zagros Mountains form the eastern border of this city, while River Dez marks the western frontier of Shushtar.

 

This city is located 150 meters above the sea level. Fadlak Mountain looms over the city of Shushtar, and marks the end of Zagros Mountains folds in Khuzestan Plains. This city is 85 kilometers away from the city of Ahwaz and 831 kilometers away from Tehran. Shushtar is also home to several historical monuments.

This city maintains a warm climate, and its temperature at times reaches 50 degrees Celsius in the summer time. However, it enjoys a mild climate in winter time. The most important altitudes of Shushtar are namely Kouh-e Taft, Kouh Siah, and Kouh Chaal.

The most important river that runs through this city is Karoon, which originates from Bakhtiari Mountains. It divides into two smaller branches, north and northwest of this city. A branch of this river leads to formation of beautiful waterfalls in Shushtar.

It can be said that Karoon and its branches have surrounded the city of Shushtar, such that whenever one wants to enter this city, he has to walk across the bridges that have been constructed over these rivers. Also, location of Shushtar in Khuzestan Plain has led to ample underground water sources and has freshened up this city.

Roughly 50% of the fertile lands of Khuzestan Province and one third of the provincial water currents are located in this city, and Shushtar is a highly important agricultural hub. The most important agricultural products of this region are wheat, barley, rice, beans, vetch, sesame, beet root, sugar cane, and different types of vegetables and summer crops.

Due to the warm and dry regional climate, tropical plants grow in this region and the regional trees are mainly palm, jujube, willow, and eucalyptus. En route rivers and water currents, there are large groves, covered with willow, and tamarisk trees.

Traditional and mechanized agricultural activities are carried out in Shushtar. Next to farmlands, one of the largest sugar cane factories in Middle East has been located, alongside of which other sub industries are operating. For instance, one can mention Karoon Chipboard Production Company, Karoon Company for Preparation and Production of Livestock Feed, Karoon Paper Production Company, and Karoon Chemical Production Company. Also, note that during the recent decades, aquatics have been bred in Khuzestan Province, especially in the city of Shushtar. Currently, 35% of the aquatics bred in Khuzestan, are produced in Shushtar. Part  of the fish produced in this city are consumed by locals, while the surplus production is exported to surrounding cities, other provinces, and even to countries such as Kuwait.

Traditional and modern animal husbandry are also common in Shushtar. The meadows of Khuzestan Province are used as winter quarters and remain green in the cold season. Bakhtiari nomads migrate to Khuzestan in early fall and mostly reside in the meadows, located in the environs of city of Shushtar up until early spring. The villagers of this region have herds of cows and bulls in order to prepare dairy products. Meanwhile, modern animal husbandry is also common in order to enhance the rate of production. Hence, several modern animal husbandry units have been launched in this region. Shushtar also maintains appropriate conditions for horse breeding and nearly 30% of the horses of Khuzestan Province belong to Shushtar.

This region is also the habitat of mammals such as deer, wild cats, foxes, jackals, wolves, martens, and boars. Northwest of this city, mammals such as goats, rams, and ewes live. As of late summer till the first rainfalls, predator birds such as hawks and eagles are spotted in this region.

In the winter season, this city hosts birds such as starlings, nightingales, ducks, gooses, coots, and cranes.

Based on the ancient items, unearthed in this region; the history of Shushtar dates back to the Sassanid era. 

This city captured the attention of the rulers of previous centuries. Construction of a number of dams, castles, and historical sites in this region proves this fact. In the past, city of Shushtar was a port city, which was linked to Indian ports and Persian Gulf littoral states via River Karoon.

Up until late Qajarid era, the Shushtar region highly developed and prospered.

The famous traveler, Ibn-e Batouteh, in his travelogue, notes: Shushtar is a beautiful, large city with several farmlands and orchards. There are many positive aspects to this city and it is home to several burgeoning markets. On the two sides of the river that runs through this city, orchards are observed. It is a blessed city, with unique markets.

He adds that he has met several scientists in the cities of Shushtar and Tabriz, who mastered all common sciences. He has referred to Ulema of
Shushtar as the most knowledgeable scientists of the world.

Moreover, many historians and travelers have spoken of the garment production industry of Shushtar. Unfortunately this industry went on a downward spiral during the Qajarid era.

There are several ancient installations such as dams and mills, which have turned this city into a beautiful museum of the water containment facilities. This in turn shows the intelligence of Iranians in application of better water containment techniques in the past.

MR/MG

 

 

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