During the eight-year war imposed on this city by the former Iraqi dictator, Saddam Hussein, and Global Arrogance, this city suffered major and irreparable losses. The Islamic Iran combatants were martyred to liberate this sacred region. Finally, after the occupation of this city by Iraqi invaders for nineteen months, it was liberated from the yoke of occupiers throughout a courageous operation.
The city of Khoramshahr is situated 994 kilometers away from Tehran at the southwestern tip of Khuzestan Plain, within the intersection of Karoon and Arvandroud Rivers, in the vicinity of a tropical region. This city is bound to Ahwaz from the north; the city of Shadegan from the east; Abadan and Persian Gulf from the south; and Iraq from the west. The city is located three meters above the sea level, and its climate is under the influence of dry and warm winds originating from Saudi Arabia and Iraq, given the proximity of this city to those two countries. The level of humidity in this city is high, all year long, due to its closeness to Arvandroud River and the Persian Gulf. The main agricultural products of Khoramshahr are dates and citrus fruits. Also, animal husbandry is common in this region, and dairy products, leather, and wool are some of the livestock products of this city.
Note that the mother tongue of the majority of residents of villages close to Khoramshahr is Arabic. However, the Arabic-speaking Iranians that reside in this region also converse in Farsi language. The historical sites of this region include Sorq Port, which is a center of export of glass and handicrafts. The other tourist attraction sites of this region are namely the old and modern bridge of Khoramshahr; the boating pier; fish market; Red Crescent building; Filiyeh Palace; and the Jam’eh Mosque, which is the symbol of resistance of the people of this city against the Iraqi invaders.
The port city of Khoramshahr is located 128 kilometers away from the city of Ahwaz. River Karoon runs through this city; dividing it into two western and eastern sections, while later pouring into River Arvandroud. A belt of palm trees, with a width of 400 meters, separate this city from other regions.
Khoramshahr was a small village in 12th Century AH. However, in early 13th Century AH it turned into a well-established port. Given its strategic importance, this port city has been invaded by foreign forces on a number of occasions and has been later liberated from the yoke of occupiers. Britons in the year 1875 AD, Ottoman Empire in the year 1883 AD, and the Iraqi Ba’th minority regime army in the year 1980 AD occupied this port. The historical destiny of this port shows the geographical and strategic importance of this city.
The discovery of oil in 19th Century AD, and the proximity of Khoramshahr to Abadan Oil Refinery multiplied the importance of this city and contributed to further development of Khoramshahr. At that juncture in time, a number of Iranian and foreign commercial companies opened in this port city.
The first large pier of Khoramshahr was launched into operation in the year 1929 AD, as an ocean liner anchored over there. Upon the construction of eight large piers on the banks of Arvandroud River, this port city highly contributed to the victory of Allied Forces in World War II.
Prior to break out of Saddam’s imposed war on Iran, the port city of Khoramshahr was of paramount importance and had accumulated a huge wealth, given its geographical and commercial importance; its links to high seas; in addition to presence of several commercial companies and shipping lines in this port city, while its residents were familiar with Farsi, Arabic, and other foreign languages. However, the imposed war dealt a blow against this port. Meanwhile, the military and popular forces of this city staged an all-out courageous and selfless resistance against the enemy troops.
The Iraqi Ba’th minority regime in its incursions on Iran was fully supported by the world powers. They had armed this regime to the teeth and had rendered the state-of-the-art military technologies to Saddam’s army. Hence, based on the military calculations of the Global Arrogance, liberation of Khoramshahr seemed an impossible task.
However, Iran’s gallant Armed Forces, in the company of popular forces, through adoption of a complicated military strategy, imposed a humiliating defeat on the Iraqi invading army, liberating this port city from the yoke of occupiers on June 24, 1982.
Today, this port city has been highly renovated, and in addition to its historical beauties, is home to the Museum of War. The people of Khoramshahr, in the company of the Iranian government, are making utmost efforts to improve the economy of this city, and have up to now made resounding achievements to this end.
Dear listeners, in this section we intend to familiarize you with Shadegan marshland, south of Khuzestan Province.
According to scientists, the survival of living creatures is tied to marshlands. Rives and marshlands are of significant importance for the continuation of life on Earth. Meanwhile, Shadegan marshland covers 296,000 hectares.
This marshland is an appropriate habitat for migrant aquatics who head for this region from northern Europe, Canada, and Siberia.
This marshland is the habitat of birds such as flamingos, storks, herons, wild goose, ducks, white pelicans, and mammals such as wild cats, boars, jackals, and foxes.
This marshland provides water for farming, and fodder for livestock for over a hundred villages, close to Shadegan. The marshland is also home to a number of rare animal species.