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Friday, 30 January 2015 08:01

Iran Your Attractive Destination (150)

Iran Your Attractive Destination (150)

Last week, we were briefly familiarized with the historical background, geographical position, ethnical diversity and handicrafts of Northern Khorasan Province. Today, we introduce the provincial capital, Bojnourd, which is home to valuable historical monuments and scenic landscapes.

 

The city of Bojnourd is situated in northeastern Iran, north of Alborz Mountain Range and south of Kappe Dagh Mountains. It is located 1070 meters above the sea level and is 821 kilometers away from the city of Tehran. In the northwestern corner of present day Bojnourd, there is an ancient hill, which has accommodated several historical works.

The history of this city dates back to Sassanid era. In the post-Islamic era, this city was the homeland of several mystical figures, scientists, and Imamzadehs. Note that presence of a number of villages in the vicinity of this city that can be used as summer quarters have turned Bojnourd into a top tourist destination in Iran.

More than 606 historical sites and monuments have been spotted and discovered in Northern Khorasan Province, in addition to several sites of pilgrimage and holy sites in the province.

The tomb of Sultan Seyed Abbas in Bojnourd, the tomb of Khaje Ali Ibn Mahziari in Jaajarm, the Holy Shrine of Imamzadeh Hamzeh Reza in Shirvaan, and the Holy Shrine of Imamzadeh Ahmad Ibn Mousa in Esfaraayen are some of these holy sites, to name a few.

Today, we get to know some of the provincial historical sites.

The Espaakho building has been registered among Iran’s national historical monuments and is considered to be unique in comparison to other historical monuments of Bojnourd. It dates back to Sassanid era and is made of stones and mortar. There is a balcony in the eastern corner of this building. Experts’ viewpoints in regard to application and function of this monument differ. However, it seems that this historical monument had been a Zoroastrian temple. This historical monument is situated a hundred kilometers west of the city of Bojnourd, next to the route linking this city to Golestan Province.

Mafkham mirror house is a tall and glorious building, located north of Bojnourd, which is considered as one of the priceless historical monuments of this city. This building belonged to one of the commanders of the Qajarid era, General Mafkham. The façade of this building is decorated with tile work, while its interior has been also decorated with tile work and pieces of mirror, multiplying the interior design’s beauty. This is an oblong-shaped two-story building, consisting of nine chambers. One of the upper floor’s chambers is a large hall, with its walls and ceiling decorated with delicately cut pieces of mirror. This building is one of the unique historical monuments dating back to the era of rule of Qajarid king, Naser Ed-Din Shah. In the past, it was located in the middle of a large orchard, at a close distance to other buildings such as Mafkham and Kolah Farangi Buildings. The Kolah Farangi Building was demolished in the wake of a strong earthquake that jolted Bojnourd, while Mafkham Mirror House and Building have stood the test of time and have remained to this day. Mafkham mirror house has been registered among Iran’s historical monuments and has been used as a museum of hand-written documents as of the year 2000 AD.

Mafkham Building is one of the historical monuments of city of Bojnourd which was constructed upon the order of General Mafkham in 1300 AH as his place of residence. It maintains thirty-four chambers and two large halls. The façade of the building looms over the south and is covered with tile works, depicting the pictures of humans, animals, and geometrical shapes. The related construction materials are bricks and mortars, with each of the building’s floors having two northern and southern balconies. The building is fully covered with tiles in different shapes and forms in blue, yellow, pink, purple, white, red, and black colors, while each pillar has been decorated with particular patterns and designs.

Mafkham Building has turned into museum of archeology and anthropology after its renovation.

Jaajarmi Husseiniyeh is located in Bojnourd downtown in the historical district of this city, and dates back to the waning years of Qajarid era. Based on the existing inscriptions, this Husseiniyeh has been constructed in 1325 AH.

It is an example of traditional architecture which maintains a central courtyard. Its door and windows all overlook the courtyard. This architectural style is not common in Bojnourd as such, and has been mainly taken into consideration in dry regions.

The two-story building is square-shaped, covering a total area of 600 square meters. Its gateway is linked to central courtyard, while there are two stairways in its northeastern and southwestern corners, leading to the upper floor. Different parts of this building are decorated with brickworks, plasterworks, and inscriptions.

As we previously mentioned, Northern Khorasan Province maintains a diverse scenic landscape. The thick forests of Qorkhod in the city of Maneh, and the wildlife safe haven of Miandasht in Jaajarm are two of the scenic landscapes of this province, to name a few.

The Qorkhod conservation area is highly valued given its diverse flora and fauna. This region was separated from Golestan National Park in 1982 and was later announced as a conservation area. It covers an area of 43,000 hectares and is located at altitudes ranging from 1000 meters above the sea level to 2700 meters above the sea level. Its average annual temperature stands at nine degrees centigrade and its annual rainfall totals 660 millimeters. The tall pinnacles, large rocks, countless valleys and waterfalls, large plains, vast forests and meadows, small and large caves, ample springs, and diverse flora and fauna capture the attention of all tourists, who travel to the region.

MR/ME

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